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Well Assessment Checklist

Homeowners are responsible for testing well water quality, keeping their well in good condition and ensuring the area around the well is free from debris and potential contaminants. Homeowners are also responsible for maintaining the proper functioning of the plumbing and treatment system. The Nova Scotia Department of Environment recommends you inspect your well and treatment system at least once a year for both drilled wells and dug wells.

  • The well head should be at least 6 inches or 152 millimetres above the ground level.

  • The ground should be slopped away from your well casing (drilled well) or well crocks (dug well). 

  • There should be no space between the ground and your well casing or well crocks.

  • Ensure surface water does not gather or pond close to the well.

  • Check the well cap. Make sure it is not missing, broken, damaged or cracked.

  • If there is a vent cap, ensure it is not blocked.

  • Check that well crocks are securely in-place and are free from cracks, holes, or broken pieces.

  • Ensure well covers or caps are in-place and are not broken or cracked.

  • Joints between well crocks should be sealed properly. 


Look around your well. What activities are taking place? Natural seasonal cycles, wildlife, household materials and activities can contaminate wells. 

  • Remove organic matter like piles of leaves.

  • Remove potential food for animals (apples, flowers).

  • Keep the area clear of domestic animals.

  • Do not store garbage, automobiles, fuel or industrial or household chemicals near your well. 

  • Regularly check your septic lines and tank for proper functioning. 

More information on protecting drinking water can be found in the Nova Scotia Environment publication "the drop on water":

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